In this blog post I have created an infographic to simplify the Present Perfect tense, my objective is to make this tense less intimidating for students.
Students arrive with a built in aversion to the Present Perfect tense and generally speaking they find it illogical and confusing. I have experimented with a number of different ways of teaching the Present Perfect tense: I've tried combining it with the Present Perfect Continuous, contrasting it with the Past Simple and teaching just one use of the tense at a time. I have found that the most successful method is to start by focusing on four common uses of the Present Perfect tense. I provide my students with lots of practical examples and situations, focusing on the use rather than the meaning of the tense. Once they have become more confident, I then move on to comparing and contrasting with other tenses.
In addition to the infographic, I have given some examples of ways to practise the four uses in class and a list of web exercises with answers that could be given to students for self study.